It is expedient one checks the kind of visa he/she would require that suit the desired travel purpose so to avoid uncertainties. I will briefly outline various types of visa suitable for different travel purpose.
Four Types of Travel Visa
- Tourist visa (pleasure travel visas)
- Immigration and naturalization visas (including by marriage)
- Student visas (for studying abroad)
- Business or work visas (for working, which includes both non-immigrant and
Tourist visa Can be described as a pleasure visa, this kind of visa is obtain mostly for leisure, no business, no work permit is granted in this kind of visa A tourist visas runs through a limited period before it terminates.
Immigration and Naturalization
An immigrant visa, Is granted to those intending to reside in a country. They usually are issued for a single journey as the holder will, depending on the selected country, later be issued a permanent resident identification card which will allow the traveller to enter to the issuing country an unlimited number of times.
Naturalization on the other hand is a visa obtained by marriage(spousal visa) to enable either of the couple from different country reside In a country of their choice based on their citizenship.
This process is justified by the immigration officers.
A student visa, which allows its holder to study at an institution of higher learning in the issuing country. Students studying in some countries can get other visa as benefits country like Algeria issues tourist visas to students.
A business visa, for engaging in commerce in the country. These visas generally impede permanent employment, for which a work visa would be required. A temporary worker visa, for approved employment in the host country. These are generally more difficult to obtain but valid for longer periods of time than a business visa. Examples of these are the United States’ H-1B and L-1 visas.
Other types of Visa
A transit visa, is issued to someone who is travelling to a desired country whose flight is not direct, example a man travelling from China to Nigeria would need a transit visa if the flight is not direct that is the plane might stop at an Asian(Dubai) country and board before take-off this delay might last for some days or a long period in hours so the traveller needs to access some limited resource(food, hotel etc.) from that country the plane stops this visa is usually valid for 3 days or less, for passing through the country to another country so to access that
Visa on arrival
A visa on arrival, which is a visa granted immediately prior to entering the country, such as at an airport or border control post. This is distinct from not requiring a visa at all, as the visitor must still obtain the visa before they can even try to pass through immigration. The on-arrival visa usually is nothing more than an arrival tax, though the visitors can still be denied entry even with a visa.
Less common visas include:
Working holiday visa
A working holiday visa, is obtained for traveling between nations offering a working holiday programme, allowing young people to undertake temporary work while traveling. There are some European countries allow work for non European students.
Diplomatic Visa (official visa)
A diplomatic visa which confers diplomatic status on its holder and is normally only available to bearers of diplomatic passports.
In a professional field like journalism a journalist visa is required to carry out your occupation Mostly for broadcasting organization to determine authenticity of their reports in that occupation when travelling. Some Countries that require journalist visa are Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, the United States (I-visa) and Zimbabwe.
Arrival and Duration of Visa
In conclusion, getting an approved visa doesn’t guarantee your approval into a country you might meet up with the requirements but some test also would be conducted by the immigration officers on your arrival so applicant needs to be of good conduct and reputation.
The type of visa you obtain have an entry and duration date before it expires so the individual needs to be alert and be prepared with the required document to avoid any governmental problems. This entry and duration date would be given as soon as your visa application is granted.
Visa extension depend on the kind of visa you have, not all visa are eligible for extensions but if one must apply for a visa extension some requirements which include the kind of visa you have,
Application for visa extension must be before the original permitted visa expires and must meet up with some immigration requirement. So it’s advised you understand carefully the kind of visa you have obtained and go through the countries travelling policy for further information.